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Proteomic analysis reveals growth inhibition of soybean roots by manganese toxicity is associated with alteration of cell wall structure and lignification

TitleProteomic analysis reveals growth inhibition of soybean roots by manganese toxicity is associated with alteration of cell wall structure and lignification
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChen Z, Yan W, Sun L, Tian J, Liao H
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Volume143
Pagination151-160
Date PublishedJun 30
ISBN Number1874-3919
Accession NumberWOS:000381231400015
Abstract

Plant roots, the hidden half of plants, play a vital role in manganese (Mn) toxicity tolerance. However, molecular mechanisms underlying root adaptation to Mn toxicity remain largely unknown. In this study, soybean (Glycine max) was used to investigate alterations of root morphology and protein profiles in response to Mn toxicity. Results showed that soybean root growth was significantly inhibited by Mn toxicity. Subsequent proteomic analysis revealed that 31 proteins were successfully identified via MALDI TOF/TOF MS analysis including 21 unique up regulated and 6 unique down-regulated proteins, which are mainly related to cell wall metabolism, protein metabolism and signal transduction. qRT-PCR analysis revealed that corresponding gene transcription patterns were correlated with accumulation of 14 of 21 up-regulated proteins, but only 1 of 6 down-regulated proteins, suggesting that most excess Mn up-regulated proteins are controlled at the transcriptional levels, while down-regulated proteins are controlled at the post-transcriptional levels. Furthermore, changes in abundances of GTP-binding nuclear protein Ran-3, expansin-like B1-like protein, dirigent protein and peroxidase 5-like protein strongly suggested that alteration of root cell wall structure and lignification might be associated with inhibited root growth. Taken together, this study was helpful to further understandings of adaptive strategies of legume roots to Mn toxicity. Significance: This study highlighted the effects of Mn toxicity on soybean root growth and its proteome profiles. Excess Mn treatments inhibited root growth. Comparative proteomic analysis was performed to analyze the changes in protein profiles of soybean roots in response to Mn toxicity. A total of 31 root proteins with differential abundances were identified and predominantly associated with signal transduction and cell wall metabolism. Among them, the abundances of the GTP-binding nuclear protein Ran-3 and Ran-binding protein 1 were significantly increased, suggesting that the proteins could be involved in the signaling network in soybean roots responsive to Mn toxicity. Interestingly, three 14-3-3 proteins were decreased by excess Mn at protein but not mRNA levels, suggesting that these proteins could be regulated at post-transcriptional modification under Mn excess conditions. Furthermore, changes in abundances of expansin-like B1-like protein, peroxidase 5-like protein, dirigent protein 2-like protein and dirigent protein strongly suggested that Mn toxicity could influence root cell wall modification, and thus inhibit root growth. This study provided significant insights into the potential molecular mechanisms underlying soybean root adaptation to Mn toxicity, which was mainly through alteration of root cell wall structure and lignification. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Short TitleProteomic analysis reveals growth inhibition of soybean roots by manganese toxicity is associated with alteration of cell wall structure and lignification